10 Crazy Space Facts
10 Crazy Space Facts
Space: the final frontier. The beholder of everything, the endless voids of mysterious wonders full of objects, theories, forces and things we haven’t even yet discovered.
We have such a hard time imagining what crazy things exist in space, primarily because we don’t have anything to compare them to. As humans, we’re so programmed to interpret information relative to the world around us; we lose the ability to grasp the magnitude and awesomeness of space.
Well, to combat that annoying human trait, we’ve put together an infographic showing 10 Crazy Space Facts that will be certain to blow your mind. So take a seat, get your spectacles out and see what you haven’t seen in real life.
Crazy Space Fact – #1:
E.T., Was That You?
In 1977, Scientists were performing research for the SETI project at The Ohio State University’s Perkins Observatory in Delaware, OH. A strong, narrowband radio signal was detected by Jerry R. Ehman, bearing the expected non-terrestrial and non-Solar System origin.
The signal came from the Northwest corner of the Globular Cluster of M55 in the constellation of Sagittarius. The signal lasted 72 seconds and has never been detected again. Endless efforts have been taken to find the signal again but with no luck, maybe some day.
Crazy Space Fact – #2:
100 Trillion Times Earth’s Water!
Meet APM 08279+5255, a broad absorption line quasar in the Lynx constellation, 12 billion light years from Earth. This quasar is the wettest object in the known Universe. It has more than 100 trillion times the amount of water as all of the water found on Earth.
Get ready for some HUGE numbers! Can you imagine the amount of water on Earth? Imagine a cubic mile of water, that’s 1 mile tall by 1 mile wide by 1 mile deep. Another way to imagine a cubic mile of water is 1,101,117,147,429 gallons.
OK, now you have to imagine all the water on Earth, that’s roughly 332,504,661 cubic miles of water or 366,126,583,827,024,200,000 gallons of water. APM 08279+5255 has 3,325,046,000,000 cubic miles of water or 36,612,658,382,702,420,000,000,000,000,000,000 gallons.
Crazy Space Fact – #3:
Eeew, Astronauts Drink Their Own Pee.
Each spacecraft has its own unisex bathroom, very similar to the ones back on Earth, with one difference; the toilet. Both male and female astronauts have two options when using the restroom (for either #1 or #2), standing up or sitting – special contraptions make this possible, along with foot restraints.
Their toilets have two different containers, a commode that holds #2 and a urinal for #1. Solid waste is dried out, stored on-board and disposed of when they land back on Earth. Urine is recycled through a special water treatment plant, cleaned and converted back into drinking water. Refreshing.
Crazy Space Fact – #4:
No Sex (in the Spacecraft Room)
Despite how fun it would be to brag you’ve joined the 200 mile high club; there’s no record of any sex having taken place in space. While neither the Russian Space Agency (RFSA) nor NASA have published an official stance on a sex-in-space policy, representatives from each of the agencies have.
Both, Valery Bogomolov (Deputy Director of the (Moscow) Institute of Biomedical Problems) and Alan Poindexter (NASA Commander) have said that sex, while on-board a spacecraft, isn’t even in the cards. The men and women in space are professionals, performing research and not interested in doing the zero-gravity, vertical or horizontal polka.
Crazy Space Fact – #5:
Entertainment on the ISS
Well, if astronauts don’t have sex in space, what keeps them entertained? There are lots of things that astronauts get to do, they even get weekends off! Astronauts need to exercise 2 hours every day, they also have a (very slow, slower than dial up) internet connection. Astronauts are even tweeting while up in space, you can follow all of your favorite astronauts on Twitter.
Astronauts watch movies, including some popular ones like; Apollo 13, Armageddon, Around the World in 80 Days, Gravity and even the new Star Trek movies. Other activities that keep astronauts busy include; reading books, playing cards, listening and playing music and talking to their loved ones back on Earth.
Crazy Space Fact – #6:
How Many Rocket Scientists Does it Take…
While Rocket Scientists are so smart they typically know the answer even before a question is done being asked, they have their deficiencies. When Sally Ride became the first American in space in 1983, on the STS-7 mission, NASA administrators had to make some minor adjustments to accommodate a woman on the Space Shuttle.
When NASA administrators were packing Sally Ride’s necessities, they asked her if 100 tampons would be enough for their 6 days, 2 hours, 23 minutes and 59 second mission? Sally replied “That would not be the right number”.
Crazy Space Fact – #7:
Too Hot, Too Cold, Just Right!
Scientists and Astronomers have recently found stars in outer space that humans could actually tough with their bare hands! How COOL is that?
NASA confirmed they’ve found at least 14 “brown dwarf” stars which are the coolest stars in the known Universe. Brown dwarfs are referred to as “failed stars”, they don’t fuse atoms at their core like other stars do.
As an example, our Solar System’s star, the Sun, performs nuclear fusion and is roughly 10,000 degrees (F) on its surface and 27,000,000 degree (F) in its core.
Crazy Space Fact – #8:
Space Junk in the Trunk
That’s right, low Earth orbit space is littered with space debris, mainly man-made objects. NASA estimates that there are more than 500,000 pieces of space junk equal to or larger than the size of a marble in low Earth orbit.
NASA is tracking a majority of this space garbage which orbits the Earth at roughly 17,500 miles per hour. There are millions of pieces smaller than a marble which NASA is unable to track, and over 20,000 pieces of debris larger than a softball.
This space junk can come from many different sources, some of which include; spacecraft which failed mid-mission, pieces of launch vehicles, payload carriers, debris from collisions or explosions, exterior paint chips and more.
Crazy Space Fact – #9:
When in Sagittarius B2…
Get Crunked on Sagittarius B2! In the distant (or near) future, you might find yourself trying to decide where to visit in space on your next vacation. If you decide to visit the giant molecular cloud of Sagittarius B2, near the center of the Milky Way, you’ll want to bring your Crunk Cup.
You’ll find unimaginable amounts of alcohol on Sagittarius B2, including; ethanol, vinyl alcohol and methanol.
Crazy Space Fact – #10:
4% of the Universe
4% of anything doesn’t seem like a lot. However, a little more than 4.9% of the Universe is made of “Normal” matter, which is the stuff that makes up meteors, asteroids, planets, stars, galaxies – you get the picture.
Well, Astronomers and Scientists believe that 96% of the Universe is made up of two other types of matter that we know very little about and can’t see or observe; dark energy and dark matter.
In a nutshell, Dark Energy is an unknown type of energy that is theorized to be all around everything in space. It’s believed to be the force behind the acceleration of the expansion of the Universe. Scientists and Astronomers believe that dark energy contributes to a total of 68.3% of the matter in Universe.
Think that’s cool, you’ll love this! Dark Matter is a type of matter that has only been hypothesized, we can’t even see it, but we can observe it. Scientists and Astronomers believe that dark matter exists by its observed gravitational effects on visible matter.
It’s never been observed directly, but Scientists and Astronomers can measure the gravitational effects visible objects have in space and determine how much mass would be needed for that effect.
Objects with smaller amounts of mass that have higher than expected gravitational effects are perfect examples for inferring dark matter’s existence. Scientists and Astronomers believe that dark matter contributes to a total of 26.8% of the matter in Universe.
We hope you enjoyed this infographic with 10 Crazy Space Facts, please feel free to share it using the information below.
Main image by “Crab Nebula” by NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State University) – HubbleSite: gallery, release. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/N4iV5E
1 – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wow!_signal
– Photo by “Wow signal” by Credit: The Ohio State University Radio Observatory and the North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO). – http://goo.gl/p32awv. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/3JSBER
2 – http://www.nasa.gov/topics/universe/features/universe20110722.html, http://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthhowmuch.html
– Photo by NASA, http://goo.gl/N5Gj4O
3 – http://science.howstuffworks.com/bathroom-in-space.htm
– Photo by “Zvezda toilet” by Unknown – www.nasa.gov. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/DuunxO
4 – http://www.space.com/11473-astronauts-sex-space-rumors.html, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/06/28/international-space-stati_1_n_627447.html
– Photo by mackwalkerphoto, https://flic.kr/p/kSGnjq
5 – https://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/stem-on-station/ditl_free_time
– Photo by @StationCDRKelly, https://goo.gl/mjtBCI
6 – http://prospect.org/article/astronaut-sally-ride-and-burden-being-first, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-7
– Photo by “Ride on the Middeck – GPN-2000-001081” by NASA – Great Images in NASA Description. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/571EzV
7 – http://io9.com/5833976/nasa-scientists-have-discovered-stars-that-are-cool-enough-to-touch
– Photo by “WISE 1828+2650 Brown dwarf” by NASA/JPL-Caltech – http://goo.gl/ozdi0Q. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/qGWhrK
8 – http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/news/orbital_debris.html
– Photo by NASA, http://goo.gl/TqNnOy
9 – http://listverse.com/2013/04/23/top-10-strangest-things-in-space/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagittarius_B2
– Photo by Bo Stern, https://flic.kr/p/6BgWtJ
10 – http://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter
– Photo by “CL0024+17” by NASA, ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University) – http://goo.gl/0JAiCX (direct link). Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://goo.gl/fwk4Nz
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